Router Bit Types and Basics


The are a multitude of different Router Bit styles and systems for cutting wood. Pay close attention to exactly what each bit is design for, and what type of material the bits is made.


Router Bit Basics
Different Types of Router Bits


Sorting through router bit terminology and making selections from a seemingly endless variety of router bits can be confusing, especially if you are new to working with a router. Reading up on the basic router bit facts will help you to choose the best router bits, and to make the best use of them. There are a numerous types of router bit, including many designed for highly specialized applications. We won't be able to cover every type of router bit in this article, but here are some of the most common.

Router Bits and Table For a New Shop?

The type of woodworking you plan to do and how much money you want to spend. What I usually recommend to beginners is that they pick up an inexpensive starter set. As for the router bits, there are a few things you can do. And it depends on the type of woodworking you plan to do and how much money you want to spend. What I usually recommend to beginners is that they pick up an inexpensive starter set.


Individual verses Router Bit Sets

So your ready to stock your shop with a set of router bits? Chances are you already have a few bits. What are the best choices? Do you buy a big set or do you build up your collection one at a time? Both have their merits. Our production quality solid carbide spiral bits combine effective chip removal with a continuous shearing action cut not obtained from a standard straight bit. You’ll get smoother cutting action with better results.


Spiral Router Bits

Our production quality solid carbide spiral bits combine effective chip removal with a continuous shearing action cut not obtained from a standard straight bit. You’ll get smoother cutting action with better results. Up-cut Bits provide faster cutting while they pull chips up and out of the work or towards the router. They are excellent bits to use when cutting material in a router table since they tend to hold the work piece to the table itself. Ideal for mortise and tenons, grooving, slotting or routing deep blind holes.


Plywood Router Bits

To refresh your memory, as you know none of the plywood you purchase is dimensionally the the thickness size you purchase. For example 3/4 inch plywood is almost never 3/4 inch thick. The reason for this is the standards adhered to by the plywood manufacturers industry states, in essence, that a 3/4 inch thick plywood can never exceed 3/4 inch thickness.


Router Bits

There is a lot to be said about router bits but let's focus on performance. In my view, there are 5 figures of merit to consider; finish, cutter life, efficiency, accuracy of grind and dynamic balance (rotational equilibrium).  The finish, in this instance, is the finish imparted to the work. The best of finishes are chatter free without burns or tearout, smooth and need little sanding. Most new cutters produce finishes of this caliber; some better than others.


Router Bit Basics

A router bit is a tool for woodworking giving a quality finish to woodwork. It cuts wood providing a way to give a clean and even a decorative edge to woodwork. The following is some basic information about router bits to get you started in your woodworking efforts.


Router Bit Speeds

Today, most routers are equipped with variable speed controls that allow reducing RPM to spin larger bits than could be safely done with single speed models. The ability to control RPM also increases the need to understand how speed relates to bits, performance and safety.



Different Types of Router BIts


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